The question whether the Indian Constitution could be called a federal constitution troubled the minds of the members of the Constituent Assembly.
This question cannot be answered without going into the meaning of federalism and the essential features that are evident in federal state.
The federal polity, in other words, provides a constitutional device for bringing unity in diversity and for the achievement of common national goals. A federal government exists when the powers of the government for a community are divided substantially according to a principle that there is a single independent authority for the whole area in respect of some matters and there are independent regional authorities for other matters, each set of authorities being co-ordinate to and subordinate to the others within its own sphere.
The Constitution of India has adopted federal features; though it does not, in fact, claim that it establishes a federation.
It can declare a law as unconstitutional, if it contravenes any provision of the Constitution.
In spite of the fact that the Indian Constitution establishes a federal structure, it is indeed very difficult to put the Indian Constitution in the category of a true federation.
In other words, Governor is the agent of the Centre in the States.
The working of Indian federal system clearly reveals that the Governor has acted more as centre’s representative than as the head of the State.
But for the very clear picture of this conclusion first of all we have to know that what is the federal constitution and what is unitary constitution.
What feature of Indian constitution makes it federal or what features makes it unitary.
The procedure of amending the Constitution in a federal system is normally rigid.