The egg therefore, was believed to have special powers.
The Hutsuls––Ukrainians who live in the Carpathian Mountains of western Ukraine––believe that the fate of the world depends upon the pysanka.
As long as the egg decorating custom continues, the world will exist.
A complete (but crushed) pysanka was discovered, a chicken egg shell with geometric designs against a blue-gray background.
The pysanka is currently being reconstructed; when completed, it will allow us to see what sort of ornamentation was in use in pre-1708 Ukraine.
Many other eastern European ethnic groups decorate eggs using wax resist for Easter.
Pysanka is often taken to mean any type of decorated egg, but it specifically refers to an egg created by the written-wax batik method and utilizing traditional folk motifs and designs.
and was found in a rainwater collection system that dates to the 15th or 16th century.
The pysanka was written on a goose egg, which was discovered largely intact, and the design is that of a wave pattern.
The second oldest known pysanka was excavated in Baturyn in 2008, and dates to the end of the 17th century.
Baturyn was Hetman Mazepa's capital, and it was razed in 1708 by the armies of Peter I.
Since Ukrainian Independence in 1991, there has been a rebirth of this folk art in its homeland, and a renewal of interest in the preservation of traditional designs and research into its symbolism and history.